How Volcanic Mountains Are Formed?

There are some countries out there that do not experience intense earthquakes compared to others as they do not have volcanic mountains close by. The absence of volcanic mountains is considered a blessing for those countries out there as their safety is much more guaranteed.
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Firstly, there are active volcanic mountains out there that have not erupted for a very long time. One example will be at Mount Fuji, Japan with a breathtaking view. The last time Mount Fuji erupted was back in 1707 and ever since the Tohoku earthquake in 2011, the Japanese government has put heavy emphasis on volcanic mountains.


Many kinds of research have been conducted regarding volcanic mountains and they found out that the pressure inside the magma of Mount Fuji has increased tremendously. If the mountains were to erupt, Japan will be liable for a loss amounting to $25 billion.

The Natural Forming

The process of volcanic mountains forming is very fascinating and interesting to understand. It is quite unique in t The sense that the volcanic mountains will only have one hollow which is above it when the flow system of the lava is vastly stretched out below the mountains.

Location of Ring of Fire

Japan, for instance, is located in a zone called the Ring of Fire which is the most active region for volcanic mountains. The reality is that volcanic mountains are only one focused region for the earth to purge its content.

In fact, if not for the existence of volcanic mountains many living beings on this earth would probably not survive. This is because more than 80% of the earth's surface is formed by volcanic activity.

The lava formed the geology to make one suitable geography. The lava will release the substance inside the melted rock and will also make the soil more fertile for crops plantation.

Forming Process Based on Law of Nature

Based on the statement above, volcanic mountains are only chimney that releases their content when needed. Today there are around 1,350 active volcanic mountains still in existence. Each of the mountains is different according to the chemical process that will influence its lava activities.

Melting rock

But the whole process of volcanic mountains forming can be said the same. The majority of it occurs due to the tectonic plate movement that is constantly colliding. After the collision, the tectonic plate will overlap one another. the plate that is overlap will go down into the earth.

Therefore, the hot temperature of the earth will release the water from the rocks which will then melt and becomes lava. Then the lava will rise above and goes out through the hollow above which causes volcanic eruptions.

That is why the Ring of Fire exists to this day since this is the area where the tectonic plate collides for eternity. But the system of the volcanic mountains is not related to one another. For example, the volcanic mountains in Japan have nothing to do with the ones in Alaska.

So it is indeed that the volcanic eruptions are the effect of the tectonic plates themselves. That is why the law of nature for the earth is absolutely astonishing. The tectonic plate will always move due to the heat inside the earth.

Source:
  • Blackstone, S. (2012, September 7). Experts Predict Japan’s Mount Fuji Will Erupt Soon. Business Insider.
  • Gillispie, R., & Clague, D.A. (2009). Encyclopedia of Islands. University of California Press. Halaman 112.
  • Staughton, J. (2022, January 22). Why Is Volcanic Soil So Fertile? Science ABC.
  • Wei-Haas, M. (2018, January 15). Volcanoes, explained. National Geographic.

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